CANINE INFLUENZA HISTORY
"Dog Show Crud" probably jumped the species barrier (or the test tube) on the Florida show circuit where UNF was researching canine flu.
2015 Update | TheDogPress
Barbara J. Andrews, Editor-In-Chief
TheDogPlace.org broke the "dog flu" news in January 2005 and today it's all over the internet but here's what it means to you and why that show circuit served as a warning about vaccines, human and animal. We called it "the dog show crud" because it was unlike anything anyone had ever experienced.
By September 2005 the Florida Dept. Of Agriculture veterinarians had released a statement about a new virus "known as canine influenza."
They probably didn't like our "dog show crud" name or our characterization of it as a zoonotic disease.
At the time, no one made a connection between "dog show crud" and the Un. Of FL College Of Veterinary Medicine with locations in Jacksonville, (where the circuit starts) Ocala, Gainesville, etc.
The following excerpts ran in TheDogPlace.org in March 2005. "Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment are unconfirmed as it is so new in dogs and hits humans equally as hard. Viral or bacterial, it is extremely aggressive. Puppies or immune-compromised adults can be lost within hours of first stage diarrhea."
"Due to the rapid, virulent onset, dog show crud was diagnosed as a virus when it first broke on the January show circuit which attracts dogs from Maine to California. But even then, savvy dog owners knew it didn't fit the pattern of a virus and in fact, quick treatment for bacteria stopped the diarrhea. Antibiotics should have no effect on a virus."
By the end of the show circuit, it was over although few escaped "the dog show crud."
The good news is that handlers and dogs who were dreadfully ill in Florida did not spread it to their home states. In fact, although many handlers vacationed on Florida golf courses before leaving for Westminster, WKC had only the usual flu and colds associated with its immense crowds, stress, and stuffy environment.
In retrospect, "The Crud" was a short-lived organism. Some say it was engineered that way and that the cross section of dogs (and perhaps unintentionally, people) at the show grounds presented opportunity for a large scale experimental field test of a virus under development. Or as has happened before Parvo (ref 1), an incomplete virus escaped the lab, was overtly zoonotic, and thus took a few more years to perfect and promote.
Canine Flu Vaccine Released By...
You guessed it, University Of Florida. The good news took four years but sure enough, a "canine flu vaccine" was released in June 2009 and was immediately available nationwide. Vets across the country were relieved by the news that the University Of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine (Gainesville) had worked with pharmaceutical developer Intervet/Schering-Plough on a consultant basis to construct the vaccine. In June 2010, the pharmaceutical giant received USDA license for the canine influenza (flu) vaccine trademarked NovibacŪ ref #2
The University of Florida praised Cynda Crawford, DVM as co-discoverer of the dog flu virus. She and collaborators from UNF, Cornell University and CDC determined the previously unknown "canine influenza virus (CIV) was the cause of respiratory infections in Florida's large racing greyhounds population in 2004. ref #3 Predictably, it was quickly determined that "canine flu" aka Canine Influenza Virus was "infecting dogs of all ages and breeds throughout the U.S."
Apparently dog sites liked our name (canine flu) better but to this day, many miss the point and the connection. We refer you to this veterinary release regarding those same racing greyhounds:
Oct. 2010. “The Canine Influenza is a first time recorded entire genome jump of the Equine Influenza to the dogs (canines) and both were created by man. Man makes a vaccine of Equine Influenza and squirts this up the noses of Thoroughbreds on the race tracks.
" It is a modified live version and the viruses get sprayed out into the environment that is shared with racing greyhounds. Now, thanks to the use of the horse vaccine, the dogs now suffer this virus. Canine flu is very lethal as these viruses always are once they start to be accommodated into another host. It takes a while for that next host to develop immune response against the new virus.” Patricia Jordan, DVM, VND, CVA, CTCVM & Herbology
That was only the beginning...
#3 off-site http://news.ufl.edu/?s=greyhound&feed=rss2
off-site reference Human Parvo Virus Infection, Annual Review Of Medicine