USA border closed to hobby breeders
- It's amazing the USA border is "open" to people coming in from countries that
have emboli which has killed thousands… but closed to 8 week old pups
accompanied by an International Health Certificate signed by a Vet from Canada
(which no rabies have killed from Canada).
As of August 11, 2014 CDC has implemented a change to the entry requirements for young dogs entering the US. Included in this change is the requirement that all dogs, including puppies, be vaccinated for rabies a minimum of one month before entry to the US. This means Breeders wishing to place their pups in USA homes must vaccinate for rabies at 3 months of age (if any dare that young) and send pups home no sooner than 4 months (16 weeks) of age and not the usual 2 months (8 weeks) of age for medium-large dog breeds.
This is the CDC's new idea to crack down on the many rescue dogs
that are being brought into USA from foreign countries and especially Mexico, that are riddled with diseases and parasites and supposedly Rabies and infecting otherwise healthy dogs and cats currently living in North America. To be clear, CDC has always had the "option" of imposing a confinement agreement on pups imported without rabies vaccine.
This agreement meant that puppy owners had to keep their pups confined to their home and property but anyone and their dogs could come in and visit,
until 30 days after puppy received a rabies vaccine puppy was only allowed off of property to go to the Vet clinic for medical care.
But this was not enforced at all borders until recently. This was when CDC discovered they didn't have the manpower to monitor the volume of imports "routinely" and the new Rabies protocol was implemented.
We understand that the CDC is working to ensure that Rabies is not brought across US borders. What is very unclear to USA and Canadian citizens is how this new protocol will prevent Rabies from entering USA from Canada when there has never been a case of purebred 8 week old pups imported from Canada into the USA with Rabies, and when wildlife freely crosses the border and is the greatest carrier of Rabies.
The previous system required up to date rabies vaccinations for all dogs over the age allowable for rabies vaccination. That would include all dogs over the age of five months. This system worked well between our two countries and there has never been a case of rabies transmitted by a purebred companion dog crossing the border.
By mandating pups must be minimally four months of age for Canadian puppies, to be imported into the USA, there will be unintended consequences with no advantage in the protection of public health. Canada is unique in the world in its relationship with the United States. Our common border is long, largely unattended and allows the free movement of wild animals. The two countries partner in almost all industries, including pet travel, and our countries both benefit from that trade.
The Canadian purebred puppies, bred by responsible small scale breeders are well socialized, individually identified by tattoo or microchip and carefully, responsibly raised. The purebred dog industry is highly regulated in Canada and falls under the governance of the federal government’s Animal Pedigree Act. This Act requires careful management of the purebred dog population, including animal husbandry. The genetic diversity of our dog population in Canada and the US is based on the free movement of purebred dogs between the two countries. Breeders partner to improve dog health, to maintain diversity and to improve breeding stock. Limiting the access of 8 week old puppies entering USA will detrimentally impact this activity, to the level that many reputable breeders (they kind we all hope the public obtain their puppy from) will no longer be able to continue.
There will be a negative impact on pet families since people often do not want to begin their puppy socialization so late in development at four months of age and with some breeds, their larger size would also be very intimidating to begin such an introduction. As a result these people will look to alternatives that might be available, including commercially bred (puppy mill) young puppies, just because that is all that is available to them, in their area, at the desirable age, which we all know is not a wise choice, but one made out of desperation. Poorly socialized large breed dogs (those purchased from breeders at 4 months of age or older) are more likely to bite, and are more often surrendered to shelters for behavioral problems.
There will be a negative impact on breeders, since puppies raised for breeding, show or field, must be in their ultimate home as early as is possible to begin the process of training and proper socialization.
Breeder’s will be limited with genetics, and quality as to what they can obtain, instead purchasing lesser quality, closely related and perhaps not appropriately suited temperament, just because it is local, and age
appropriate for their purpose, thus reducing genetic diversity within the US as well as in Canada.
hobby dog breeders will be negatively impacted since few are able to house and
properly care for puppies beyond the age of eight to nine weeks. As a matter of
fact many small hobby breeders will be in violation of their city bi-laws by
housing pups beyond the 8-10 week mark. North American puppy mills will be much
less impacted, as they do not operate under the same guidelines, or expend the
same level of care and have the facilities to house older pups or have no
quandaries in dumping them into a shelter.
recommend that if CDC is honestly just implementing this new ruling because of
concern about any rabies, that an alternative to the rabies vaccination protocol
now implemented by CDC of only allowing 4 month old rabies vaccinated pups to be
imported into the USA from Canada, that the following requirement could be
effected - In the case of Canadian puppies, the Canadian international health
certificate, completed by a Veterinarian, should be perfect adequate assurance
that a pup is healthy within 10 days of importation. In addition, it would be
possible to stipulate that a Vet also sign that the puppy’s dam has been kept
current in her Rabies vaccines, thus assuring that the pups under 4 months of
age being imported without receiving Rabies Vaccine, would be protected
passively through maternal antibodies, for up to three months and risk of
puppy’s exposure and being a carrier of rabies would be “0” with such a
documented respected vaccination protocol being followed.
We are requesting that the CDC waive the rabies restriction for "Canadian" bred puppies under the age of five months being imported into the US. There has never been a case of rabies reported in the US emanating from a Canadian puppy 8 weeks of age and under 4 months of age. There is no increase in rabies in Canada. There is no increase in rabies in the US that has been attributable to Canadian dogs or Canadian wildlife. A valid veterinary health certificate would better protect the American public than the new protocol effected by CDC.
Please contact CDC and tell them their new law is not working:
Editor's response: Thank you for a great assessment of the CDC’s lack of concern. It would appear it is more concerned with unvaccinated DOGS crossing the border than with unvaccinated CHILDREN (and adults) many of whom are carrying lice and diseases including TB.